So here we are 100 years on from the first women in the UK gaining the vote and the political class continues to be dominated by men.
208 women are now MPs making up 32% of the Houses of Parliament, including 206 female peers, making up 26% of Members of the House of Lords.
In 2015 of the 3,971 candidates who stood for election only 1,033 (26%) were women and this was hailed as major progress.
Women were 34% of Labour’s candidates, compared to 30% in 2010. 169 Conservative candidates, 26% of the party’s total cohort, were women – a 10% rise on 2010 and the highest number in the party’s history. Similarly, 166 (26%) Liberal Democrats candidates were women.
It is the same picture in local government: 32% of local authority councillors in England are women.
Small, slow progress, but I hardly need to remind everyone that over half the people eligible to vote in this country are female!
Globally, the UK’s 30% ratio for women in the House of Commons puts it 49th in ranked list.
Rwanda is first, followed by Bolivia, Cuba and the Seychelles. Three countries in the ranking have no women in their lower or single house, while 31 have fewer than 10%.
So why don’t women stand?
Well several studies have found evidence of well-entrenched gender bias in British party politics, including widespread incidences of direct and indirect discrimination by party selectors towards women candidates; ranging from gendered assumptions regarding women’s traditional roles to explicit sexual harassment.
Seeing the treatment of female representatives in the media and via social media is likely to put a lot of women off standing.
The fact that females at every sphere of the political system receive so much more abuse and ridicule than their male colleagues says a lot about our society and the everyday sexism that continues to define it.
Then there is the way the political processes are set up. Meetings are often at night, leaving anyone with caring responsibilities unable to attend as no provision is made for children.
Door knocking is not viewed as a suitable activity for children by many.
My experience is that Labour meetings continue to be dominated by men.
I am sure there are some, but I have not personally come across, a Labour Party Chair who is not a man.
Even discussions on issues primarily affecting women such as domestic abuse and sexual harassment or childcare are quickly overtaken by men, often pointing out that men can be affected by these issues too, and shouting down women who were about to speak about actual experiences.
Within the meetings there seems to be an unwritten rule that women make the tea and take the minutes.
Women are simply not seeing the representation of women or given the voice they should be.
When I speak to very capable women about standing many simply articulate that they think they lack the capabilities to be a good councillor and so self select themselves out of the process.
The result of this failure to have adequate representation of the lived experiences of women in our elected places means progress for women is slowed.
I attended an event with Tracy Brabin, Shadow Early Years Minister. It was clear her understanding of childcare and early years provision (or lack there of) is a shaped by her experience as a working mum. Too often we are reliant on people who have no idea of our needs to speak up for us. This is not to say we don’t have some excellent male representatives who work really hard for all their constituents, but such continued dominance of males (mostly white males over 60) means that the political set up continues to be patriarchal and to continue to examine issues in a patriarchal context.
This does nothing to advance us as a society.
The truth, in my experience, is women seem to completely underestimate what they could bring to the role of representative.
Many women are already firmly established as active members of their communities, on groups like school Parent Teacher Associations or volunteering for charities.
Many have good understanding of local issues surrounding schools from experience as parents and similarly the NHS from their experiences in it as well as taking others as carers (and yes it is still usually mothers and daughters fulfilling this role).
As mums many women have fought to get their children access to services like speech therapy or dyslexia testing which have given them in depth understanding of the system and the obstacles it brings up and many women are consistently shown to have suffered disproportionately in the austerity ‘cutbacks.’
The vocalising of these experiences and the taking of the wisdom of the experiences to the community can made a real difference.
The only way our local parties are going to get better is if we, as women go and make them better.
Women, reading this – please do stand.